By nature, the rates of women having osteoarthritis are higher than men due to several risk factors such as biology, pelvic-femur bone structure, hormones and genetic predisposition. However, some women may add another risk factor to the mix which is obesity. By gender, osteoarthritis may also affect the joints differently. Men are more prone to have osteoarthritis pains in their hips and back, while women tend to present with osteoarthritis pain in their hands or knees.
One of the biomechanical reasons as for women being more prone to osteoarthritis is that, women tend to have a wider Hip to waist ratio. In other words, women tend to have a wider pelvis than men. This results in an increase femur to tibia ratio which may put additional abnormal strain on the knee joints.
Additionally, since Osteoarthritis is also linked with genetics and hormones, these factors tend to result in women being more prone to osteoarthritis than men. Female hormones which include Oestrogens help protect cartilage from inflammation as well as degeneration. However, women who have reached menopause may have a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis due to the decreased Oestrogen levels.
Obesity plays a major role in osteoarthritis putting extra pressure on joints that lead to the cartilage between joints to wear away faster. Post-menopausal women who have gained weight tend to put extra pressure on the knee and hip joints. In such cases, a healthy diet and exercise regime will help to reduce weight and protect the affected joints.
INLIVEN is a medical clinic based in Singapore and they provide comprehensive diagnostic, screenings and treatments for KNEE JOINT PAIN and all bone joint health issues. INLIVEN also prescribes braces from Ossur, a global leading Prosthetics and Orthotics company, to their patients who suffer from osteoarthritis.